Timber veneers refer to thin slices of wood bonded to a suitable substrate. Before cutting logs into veneers, woodworkers will usually steam or soak the log in hot water. This process helps in soaking the wood, thereby softening it significantly. Woodworkers will be able to slice the veneers of the softened log with considerable ease. In addition, they will not need to worry about tears and splits, which could result in a significant amount of wastage. After slicing the veneer, the workers will press it flat between heated platens. Thereafter, they will bundle the veneers into stacks in the same order in which the workers had removed it from the log.
The popularity of veneered panels has only increased over the years. The use of veneers has made even the most experienced woodworkers broaden their horizons. Making a table or a chair might be par for the course for many woodworkers and craftspeople. But, making tables or chairs with ornate designs and exotic veneers can transform the look of the final pieces quite significantly. Similarly, a veneer door at the entrance to your home can alter the appearance of your home quite dramatically. A regular wooden door will hardly exude a similarly bewitching look. Thus, the use of veneers can transform the simplest and most commonplace objects into works of art. Veneers can make any project look distinctive. In addition, they offer several other benefits over the use of solid wood or lumber that make them truly worthwhile.
Once the workers cut the veneers, the manner in which they select and match the veneer leaves on to a substrate can create a wide selection of visual effects. These can go a long way towards making your project designs look compelling and elegant. It goes without saying that each leaf will vary slightly in its appearance. However, it will still belong to the same family of leaves, which can make it easier to match them. The gradual change of the grain through each tree helps in giving veneers their subtle variations. Not surprisingly, matching these veneers for specific projects can be a highly specialized job. Some of the most common veneer matching techniques that professionals typically use include:
- Book Matching: This technique involves folding out each veneer leaf with its mirror image. The two adjoining surfaces will have come from the same piece of wood. So, they will exude a near identical appearance, like the centre pages of a book.
- Slip Matching: Suppliers of timber veneer supplies can also employ the slip matching technique to create a stunning visual effect. This technique involves laying the veneer leaves face up and side by side. The resulting grain pattern will repeat at the width of each leaf across the layout. Thus, the grain figure will repeat, but the joints will not exhibit a grain match.
- Reverse Slip Matching: This technique involves slip matching the veneer leaves initially. Thereafter, the workers will turn each alternate leaf on its end to balance the points of the grain. The use of this matching technique can be useful in applications where the round or curved shapes could end up cutting off the grain in an undesired manner.
- Random Matching: This layout features placing veneer leaves next to each other in a random manner and orientation. The randomly spliced veneers will thus produce what the experts refer to as a ‘board-by-board’ effect. This matching technique produces a rustic appearance that looks as if the workers applied individual boards from a random pile to the product.
- Quarter Matching: This method involves jointing veneers based on the nature of the growth of the tree from which the workers have cut them. Thus, the workers will book match four veneer pieces from side to side as well as from top to bottom. This technique of matching will typically come into use when you want to make larger panels.
- Specialty Matching: Some suppliers of fire rated boards and veneers also use specialty matching techniques. This technique serves to utilize the natural grain patterns in the wood for creating distinctive patterns such as herringbone, V-matched patterns etc. Clearly, professionals who use this technique will require specialty skills in addition to a keen eye for details.
- Joining: In some cases, woodworkers can join various grain patterns to form larger visual patterns. This joining of grain patterns can also help in resolving various space-related issues. To cite an example, woodworkers will often use burl veneers in this manner. In this case, they will continue to place panels in a matched sequence until they obtain the required panel size.
It can be worth mentioning that spatial issues can also rely on end matching methods for perfect solutions. So, in some cases, the possibility could exist where the length of the veneer does not permit its fabrication into the desired height of the panel. In this scenario, the woodworkers will match the length of the veneer with vertical butts or horizontal book match joints to emerge with the desired panel size. For more information, visit Forest Display Today !